NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope to See Signs of Life on Other Planets in 5 to 10 Years

After years of delays, Hubble’s successor James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), NASA’s new cutting-edge telescope that is seen letting humanity spot life on distant planets in about 60 hours according to approximate calculations, is launched in October.

JWST for Spot Biosignatures at Remote Gay Dwarfs

Scientists attending the 2021 American Physical Society (APS) Meeting said in APS Physics that they discussed how the JWST could spot biosignatures on distant planets of a gas dwarf, such as super-Earths and mini-Neptunes.

They predicted that when the JWST will be operational, after its October launch, it will be able to spot ammonia signatures on about six Gassan planets in a few hours.

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The existence of ammonia is just one possible biosignature that scientists expect in the current search for life in other parts of the universe. However, the enhanced infrared sensitivity and resolution of the JWST and a wider range of probe long-range sensors will enable humans to have an unprecedented perspective of the universe.

James Telb Space Telescope

(Photo: NASA)
The main mirror of NASA’s James Webb space telescope.

Gas dwarf planets are among the many possible astrobiological bets that could host the first sign of life across our planet, and the JWST would be the best tool to make us see it.

At the 2021 APS Meeting, scientists devised a detailed list of their main bets to detect JWST, based on approximate cloud cover, atmospheric conditions and chemical composition.

JWST Ready to Answer Mysteries of the Universe

The JWST will look into the distant past by looking at distant galaxies and other distant objects in the universe. As such, even if JWST does not immediately detect signs of life, it can help us answer other essential questions and solve long-standing mysteries about the nature and origin of the universe.

The Weather Channel noted that the new space telescope has withstood all the harsh conditions that are associated with a rocket launch months before its target launch. Recent tests on the JWST have confirmed that the fully assembled observatory will carry the deafening noise and the violent vibrations it will experience during launch, NASA said.

Largest, Most Powerful Space Telescope ever

The JWST is the world’s largest, most complex and powerful space telescope ever. It was developed to aid answers to enduring paradoxes that continue to dismay scientists about the solar system, looking beyond distant worlds surrounding stars, and exploring mystical structures and origins of the universe.

Prior to its launch, the Atlantic reported that the telescope would be sent (literally by ship) to a launch site in South America, crossing the Panama Canal to reach French Guiana. Its mirrors are as tall as a two-story building and a protective shield as big as a tennis court – it would be too big for an airplane.

More than 20 years of work has been done on the more than $ 10-billion JWST, which was originally launched in 2007, yet has been hampered by a deluge of technical errors, budget problems, schedule delays and a pandemic.

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Check out more news and information about the James Webb Space Telescope in Science Times.